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Why do you need to think about copyright?
Much of what you do as a student while at University is covered by exceptions to copyright.
When using works created by others, you will either be relying on some limited exceptions in law (eg for study, research or criticism), but in other cases you must have the permission of the copyright holder, in order to copy, adapt or perform the work or share it with others in order to avoid liability for yourself or your university or college
Visit the UK Government’s Exceptions to Copyright page for details on how to use copyright works without the permission of the copyright owner
The most relevant passages for you as a student are:
Find out if you can use an image
For educational purposes, it isn’t necessary to ask permission to use an image like this one.
But it is best practice and ethical, when using in a presentation or as a handout, to cite the source.
Reference in the same way as any other, non-visual material.
See our Referencing Guide for details
Attribution is an important part of copyright compliance
Award winning film exploring the key principles of copyright
Winner of the AHRC's 10th Anniversary Research In Film Awards!
By Professor Ronan Deazley & Bartolomeo Meletti
Welcome to Copyright Aware
Explore the site to find out more about copyright
Copyright © 2018 BBC
Training videos produced by the BBC in association with BBC Academy.
These guidelines cover:
- downloading of material
Digital Images, data and text are also protected by copyright
You can copy material if one of the following applies:
- you own the copyright yourself
- you have the permission of the person who owns the copyright
- the material is "out of copyright"
- the University holds a licence which permits the copying you want to carry out
- you are copying within the accepted limits of fair dealing
What is Fair Dealing?
Fair dealing is a legal term used to establish whether a use of copyright material is lawful or whether it infringes copyright.
Fair dealing requires that the amount copied is reasonable and appropriate to the context and that use must not affect the market for the work and the owner must not lose out financially.
Provided the copying is for private study or non-commercial research it would usually be fair:
- To copy a chapter from a book for your course, but not the whole book
- To copy extracts from a film, but not the whole film
In some cases, the University may hold a licence which allows copies to be made by permission, rather than under fair dealing.
Covers copying for:
- non-commercial private study
- or for non-commercial research
- The amount you can copy may be up to 5% of a book or journal
- The amount used must also be reasonable and appropriate
- Most e-books are covered by copyright
- You may only print or download small sections
- About one chapter is usually allowed
- Some publishers set limits by number of pages or a percentage
- Data Rights Management (DRM) security is often used to prevent copying or printing a whole book
Attempts to illegally download can be monitored and are a breach of copyright law and the University regulations
- Moral rights cannot be sold or transferred
- The rights holder can choose to waive these rights
There are four moral rights in the UK:
- The right to attribution: The right to be recognised as the author of a work
- The right to object to derogatory treatment: Any addition, deletion, alteration to or adaptation that amounts to a distortion or mutilation, or is otherwise prejudicial to the honour or reputation of the author
- The right to object to false attribution: The right not to be named as the author of a work you did not create
- The right to privacy of certain photographs and films: This enables someone who has commissioned a photograph or film for private and domestic purposes to prevent it from being made available to the public
The National Archives Published 26 March 2015
Available under the Open Government Licence v3.0
This guidance provides an overview of the main copyright/IP issues for students at the University of Westminster.
It should not be taken as legal advice.
If you require legal advice, you should seek the services of a suitably qualified and experienced legal professional.