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Library Guides

Copyright for Academics: Licences

This guide provides guidance on copyright matters for teaching staff


The University subscribes to a number of educational licence schemes in order for you to use third party content in your teaching. 

Newspaper Licensing Agency Licence (NLA)

NLA licence covers copying and reuse of print and digital newspaper articles from specified newspapers 

  • Make copies from UK national newspapers plus 5 other titles
  • Upload and store copies of news articles on an intranet (such as Blackboard)
  • Email copies to students and staff

The NLA Education Establishment Licence for the University of Westminster includes the Basic Licence, the Digital Additional Cover as well as an extension for the Web Media Monitoring Materials Licence

ERA (Educational Recording Agency)

The ERA Licensing Scheme covers off-air recording of TV and radio.
This licence permits university staff and students to copy, access and use, for non-commercial educational purposes, broadcast output of ERA’s members in the form of ERA recordings. 

We have this licence to allow us to record, store and use material sourced from broadcasts on Box of Broadcasts

CLA UUK/GuildHE Higher Education Licence

The CLA licence covers copying from books, magazines, journals and websites

The licence provides annual permission for us to copy and reuse content from print and digital publications, including:

Make copies from digital and print books, magazines, journals and websites
Share copies with students and staff
Store copies on the intranet
Copy up to one article, chapter or 10% of the total, whichever is greater
Copy publications from the UK plus 38 international territories

We can provide scanned copies of articles and book chapters for your students using the Digitisation Service directly from your Reading list.

For more details see the CLA website

Open Licences - Creative Commons

Creative Commons Licences are a type of open licences that you can apply to your work to indicate you are happy to share the work under certain conditions. They are sometimes described as an alternative to copyright, however Creative Commons does not mean you give up the copyright in your work, or your right to be acknowledged as the creator of a work.

Typically Creative Commons licences are added to online content, and search engines are increasingly able to identify content that has been shared under these licences because in addition to the legal document, there is a machine readable licence.


Creative Commons licences

Creative Commons licences
Licence Type Abbreviation Description



CC-BY This licence lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licences offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.

Attribution ShareAlike 

creative commons logo

CC-BY-SA This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This licence is aligned with the “copyleft” free and open source software licences which ensure that derivative works can never be put under more restrictive licensing terms than the original. All new works based on yours will carry the same licence, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for work that incorporates content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.

Attribution NonCommerical

creative commons logo

CC-BY-NC This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work for non-commercial purposes, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

Attribution NoDerivatives

creative commons logo

CC-BY-ND This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you. 

Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike

creative commons logo

CC-BY-NC-SA This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work for non-commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.

Attribution NonCommercialNoDerivs

creative commons logo

CC-BY-NC-ND This licence is the most restrictive of the six licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.



Disclaimer: The guide in no way substitutes for formal legal advice. If you are in any doubt or require further information we recommend you consult the sources of further advice at the end of this guide.